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Tips for Transitioning From a Full-Time Job to a Career As a Freelance

 

Independent composing is a suitable vocation that any individual who can peruse and order can begin. It has a minimal effort of the section. As a rule, the individuals who need to start functioning as an independent essayist don’t need to purchase anything since all you require is a PC and a telephone to begin. Most as of now have this.

Outsourcing has gotten incredibly mainstream as of late, the same number of individuals look for different approaches to enhance their salary, and work in a more adaptable setting.

For some, however, Freelancing and telecommuting is a vocation and their primary pay source. It is unquestionably feasible for outsourcing to get a lot of pay. In the beginning, phases are that as it may, particularly now, during this financial emergency, pay from outsourcing can be temperamental and is in every case exclusively subject to your capacity to search out and complete tasks for paying customers. For individuals transitioning into outsourcing from regular work, the change from a consistent compensation to outsourcing pay can be a battle. The problematic idea of outsourcing salary makes it especially significant for a specialist to realize how to financial plan their cash, so that, in times when work is hailing, the person in question won’t be stone cold broke. In case you’re a specialist or considering transitioning into full-time outsourcing, you’ll have to relearn how to both make and utilize your cash.

Why Freelance Writing Is a Viable Option for Laid Off or Out-of-Work Professionals

The American labour force is evolving. Numerous positions are vanishing in areas that won’t return, e.g., assembling and papers, to name two. Talented workers who’ve lost jobs in these areas are profoundly far-fetched to discover relative positions somewhere else. What’s more, regardless of whether they do, it won’t be at the compensation they’re likely familiar with.

While it might be challenging to accept, it’s realities like the over that are making many reexamine what work steadiness is.

On the off chance that telecommuting as an independent author interest you as a “downturn confirmation” profession decision, and you end up hoping to make the transition, following is some direct exhortation on the best way to do precisely that.

Tip No. 1 for Transitioning to a Freelance Writing Career: Rethink What Job Stability Means

If you wind up laid off from employment that you thought was secure, and you haven’t had the option to get another work, perhaps it’s an ideal opportunity to rethink what precisely what work soundness implies. To do this, it would be best if you initially acknowledged the way that the days when you get with an organization and work with them directly through to retirement is a relic of times gone by. This is the labour force of a worldwide economy, and professional stability isn’t essential for the condition generally.

An organization can be sound monetarily one day, as we’ve seen throughout the most recent decade or somewhere in the vicinity, can be bankrupt in a matter of seconds by any stretch of the imagination. A good example: General Motors. Who would have thud that this could transpire? Furthermore, while they appear to be bobbing back (gratitude to government advances), they are doing it with a smoothed out labour force. Also, who comprehends what will occur in 5, 10 or 15 years.

So tip number one for transitioning to an independent composing vocation is to acknowledge the way that the main occupation security that exists is simply the thoughts you give.

Tip No. 2 for Transitioning to a Freelance Writing Career: Develop a Routine

Numerous new to independent composition – or any work from homework – state that they would think that its difficult to do because there are such a large number of interruptions when telecommuting.

Be that as it may, in case you will prevail as an independent author, you should be focused. The most effortless approach to develop this propensity is to have a daily practice for your independent composing vocation – from the beginning – simply as you did when you needed to get dressed and report to work.

Get up simultaneously and report to the workplace consistently, make a rundown of errands to achieve each day, and close up simultaneously always. Turning into an independent essayist isn’t hard. However, it takes the centre. By following a daily schedule, you remain centred – and begin to encounter achievement that significantly earlier.

FYI, a portion of the assignments you ought to do at first is making a site, making composing tests and assembling a showcasing plan so you can begin getting independent composing occupations.

These are the most significant things you have to do to make a fast, simple transition to outsourcing as an author. Following great propensities, you can construct a flourishing independent composing business in the blink of an eye by any stretch of the imagination – and never need to stress over working for another person again.

Advantages of Being An Online Freelancer

Many individuals are transitioning from corporate work to being an online specialist. I won’t accuse them, as I have experienced that equivalent course myself. Being in the corporate world for over ten years demonstrated extremely valuable regarding money related advantages. Be that as it may, as an online consultant for more than five decades, the benefits are unmistakably more than money-related.

In this article, I will give a portion of the advantages that I have delighted in from far off work. Some could conceivably concur with what had a place with this rundown, yet please don’t hesitate to remark on what you figure I should include or eliminate.

Advantage #1: No Travel Needed!

Instead of driving each day from home to office and bearing the difficulties of everyday traffic, being an online consultant allows you to work from the solaces of home. It would be best if you had your apparatus (for me, that is a PC, a steady and quick web association, and cups of espresso!) You can set up in a lovely spot, enjoy a reprieve in your particular solace room, cook your own feast. Essentially, you can simply remain at home and still be beneficial.

Advantage #2: No make-up required

This is exceptionally gainful to telecommute mothers, or for any lady who is conscious about their looks. You can wear anything you like since you’re not expected to meet individuals face to face consistently. What’s more, indeed, no make-up vital, and more opportunity for work or something different. I have seen some computerized wanderers continuing to work even before getting a shower or brushing their teeth.

Advantage #3: Flexible Time

You can pick when to work. This is as yet dependent upon the timetable of your customer and your agreement with them. If you make some full memories work working on the web, you can pick which move you are manageable to work with. This is not normal for a corporate setting, where you need to report for work from 9-5 at a physical office. The drive is additionally tedious.

Furthermore, because you make some adaptable memories, you likewise have the opportunity to seek after different things, maybe something you have been energetic about, however, have been putting off. You would have sufficient opportunity to go through with your family, with your companions, or merely being without anyone else. You can deal with your time when the time for work is a lot of adaptable.

Advantage #4: Work Anywhere

Regardless of whether you’re not needed to answer to the office for work, you can pick where to work! The prospects are unending! You can telecommute, work from a restaurant, work before the seashore, or maybe in a delightful miracle of the world.

Advantage #5: Earning Potential

There is a boundless procuring potential when you telecommute. Joining the wide range of various advantages referenced, being an online consultant permits one to seek after more than each profession in turn. As you can deal with your time, you can be gainful for more than the standard eight hours every day. On the off chance that you are a viable multitasker, you can deal with more than one assignment for more than each customer in turn.

So there you have it. Those are a portion of the advantages that I have encountered dependent on my virtual vocation. If there are a few things that you are contrary to, it would be ideal if you don’t hesitate to prompt me. I would cherish for us to examine it.

 

Do you think you may qualify for these deductions? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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Tips for Freelance Tax Preparation

 

Individuals who have been utilized in conventional work settings are thinking that it’s essential to enhance or supplant their revenue sources. While some intentionally exit their positions, others might be the result of cutting back and cutbacks. In any case, numerous who hold energy for their calling discover options, for example, redistributing, to get back in the work power. It is imperative to remain side by the side of tax laws that sway independently employed people. Here are three significant tax contemplations.

Tip #1 Reduce Taxable Income

When documenting salary taxes, numerous independently employed entrepreneurs are astounded to find that they might have brought down their taxable pay and paid less in taxes during the year. It is imperative to have an arrangement set up that incorporates tax decrease systems. For instance, one frequently missed strategy is retirement investment funds. Adding to a Self Employed Pension Plan is an excellent method to gather non-taxable investment funds and keep a more significant amount of the cash you acquire. Talk with a tax bookkeeper to guarantee that you are boosting benefits around there.

Tip #2: Remit Estimated Tax Payments

Pay tax retentions are not removed from instalments that you get as a consultant. Yet, because no tax is retained doesn’t imply that the administration isn’t searching for you to send them in. The top worry for most freelancers is the amount to cover in assessed taxes and when to send them in. To decide the measure of taxes due you should figure your gross pay. A salary tax adding machine and tax schedule are assets that assist you with assessing sums and make convenient instalments. Furthermore, if state and nearby taxes apply, you should transmit instalments to them also.

Tip #3 File the Right Tax Forms

Freelancers can decide to work as one of a few business elements including Sole Proprietor, Partnership, Limited Liability Company, “S” Corporation, or “C” Corporation. Every one of these choices utilizes an alternate tax structure for revealing purposes so ensure that you know which one to apply.

Filling in as a free-lancer has numerous advantages, including adaptability and boundless salary potential. By the day’s end, it isn’t the amount you make that is important. It is the amount you can reinvest and multiply to make the way of life that you want.

 

Incredible Tips for Freelance Tax Preparation

Setting your work routine and working where you favour may seem like a definitive method to get by with opportunity and portability. Each openwork door may have difficulties, and this is genuine regardless of whether you work in an independent organization. The means to a fruitful separate encounter might be more straightforward than you envision, and planning taxes might be the ideal method to help other people and bring in cash on your terms.

  1. See how taxes collected

Paying taxes is extraordinary on the off chance that you work for yourself rather than being a representative and getting a W-2 structure from an organization. You may get a 1099-MISC design as a record of your profit, and this is the thing that you should submit when you document your taxes. Else you have to follow your pay.

  1. Track your costs and pay

You should think about your independent work as a business, and this implies that you should keep a detailed record of your pay and working costs. You should keep receipts, solicitations, and other relevant data composed consistently. Keep these records in a protected document in your office for when you begin to set up your taxes.

  1. Make standard, assessed tax instalments

Representatives can have taxes retained from their checks. However, it would be best if you approached the lead in setting tax instalments if you work independently. Falling behind can prompt risky budgetary conditions, and you might be confronted with punishments if your tax instalments fall behind also. Fortunately, you can make online instalments, and this can dispose of the weight of concocting a massive whole of money when your return is expected.

  1. Comprehend your derivations

Costs of doing business come in numerous structures, yet real deductible costs are described as being vital and typical for the sort of business being referred to. The operational expense may incorporate protection, lease, promoting, utilities, and individual vehicle use.

  1. Post a gaining benefit

Posting a misfortune every year might be cause for the IRS to see your business tries as an interest rather than an approach to gain salary and make a benefit. This may prompt expensive reviews, so you should practice care as you direct your independent work. However long you produce a decent measure of income and have separate accounts, you ought to be protected. Check with your tax proficient.

Taxes are a yearly event, yet having an arrangement can keep this classic piece of procuring a living from wrecking your fantasy about working freely. Work with experts and buy the apparatuses essential to keep excellent records, like Quicken, and plan great tax reports, perhaps H&R Block Business Edition.

Do you think you may qualify for these deductions? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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five small business tax deductions when claim tax

Five Small Business Tax Deductions When Claim Tax

 

Running a business is not easy since the more you earn an income, the more expenses you incur most, especially when paying taxes. However, some universal rules help the business to claim a tax deduction on various costs that the company incurs in the long run. Some may be easy to detect while others are somewhat hidden. Well, that is why we are here for you! This article will discuss the top five tax deductions to keep in mind, which is not easy to identify.

 

  1. Interest

Although it is well known that one has the right to deduct money off the interests paid on a borrowed loan, there are some hidden interests that you can also deduct. These interests are not well known by some people. For example, any claims that your business incurs and is not paid by the next time you file for tax (30th June) are deductible.

In the case where you loan your business money from a credit card or use a personal loan, you can claim a deduction in the income tax. This is because the interest cost will not be part of the business but from your income.

 

  1. Depreciation

Assets are not always guaranteed to appreciate over some time. Thus, if your assets depreciate, save some bucks by claiming for a tax deduction. There is a tax rule governing small business owners who own assets in Australia. If the asset has a value of around 6500 dollars, you can claim a tax deduction or write off.

 

  1. Motor vehicle

Again this is another area where the small business owners can benefit from. You can depreciate the vehicles in your company ranging from vans, trucks, and other personal vehicles. The deduction is made as follows;

100 per cent of 5,000 dollars of the actual costs and 15 per cent of the remaining cost amount in the year of purchase. Also, note that if the vehicle’s price falls under the 6500 dollars, then the whole amount will be written off.

An example

If you bought a business van at 14000 dollars, the first deduction you will receive is 4,200, calculating it with 100 per cent.

 

  1. Trading stocks

How often do you take stock in your business? Did you know that you can get some tax deduction from the stock available in your company? The stocks include any products manufactured, sold, and even items for resell in the company. If there any that are lost, damaged, or not in use before the next tax day, you can write it off from all the stock in the company.

How is a deduction made?

If the stock value in the company depreciates or appreciates with around 5000 dollars, you need to figure out the amount the stock changes with before the following tax date. If the stock’s value has appreciated, then the extra money is calculated as an income, and you will be taxed. However, if the stock depreciates, then you can file for a tax deduction.

How do you calculate the stock’s value at the end of the year or the tax date?

The value you bought the stocks at, the current selling, value the stocks are at, and any value of maintenance incurred.

 

  1. Bad debts

This happens when customers fail to settle their debt. If you have sold out services or products to a customer(s) and fail to pay the payment, then you can file for a tax deduction. A debt is calculated as a bad debt if it stays for about 12 or more months before being settled, and there is no sign of settlement.

 

Conclusion

These are the top five areas where you can file for a tax deduction if you have a small business. As you can see, these are some of the expenses that are quite difficult to figure out, especially if you are not keen. For example, you don’t have to pay for tax on stocks that have depreciated or damaged.

 

New Standard

The Australian Tax Office has released its standards to make things easier for a small business deduction. There is information on the website, including how to take advantage of these new offerings.

Do you think you may qualify for these deductions? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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Can Business Loans Be Written Off?

 

Acquiring a loan to finance or rather boost business is quite common among different business owners. However, one needs to be cautious when taking the loan and the kind of loan you take since the financial flow in a company is also affected by taxation. This brings us to the question whether all the business loans are tax-deductible or not. For example, when you take out a loan to finance your business.

This kind of loan is preferred by the majority of big companies considering they are long term loans that are also charged at lower interest rates compared to the short term loans.

However, different states have different tax deduction rules that revolve around the kind of loan you take. We are going to discuss how a loan for a business is taxed or tax deducted in Australia.

ATO also referred to as Australia Taxation office agency is the statutory agency and the only principal departments involved in revenue collection in Australia. We will review some of the frequently asked questions regarding loan and business, and how ATO views the kind of loans.

 

Q&A

Q1: Can a business loan be written off?

All the money or expenses you incur in the business to keep it running and growing are deductible. This is because this is not an income for the company but rather an expenditure (“loss”).

A:

When it comes to loan cases, not the entire money you borrow from the lender will be tax deducted. Meaning, only the loan that involves activities that earn the business an income are deductible. Or if the money is used to cater for expenses and the income can be traced.

If the loan is used to fund activities that do not earn the business a payment, then only part of the loan will be deducted, and in most cases, it’s the interest.

Let’s break it down

If your loan involves paying back an interest accrued as a result of expenses for running a business, then the interests are written off when paying the tax.

But, if the money or the interest accrued was as a result of personal fulfilment, perhaps a trip to Dubai, then none will be written off. This is because this is not a business liability but personal.

 

Q2: Is the loan a taxable income?

A:

This is determined by the lender and the kind of loan you take. Usually, take out loans, also referred to as long terms loans are the kind of loans you take without necessarily involving collateral. Such loans are not included in tax income books. This is the money you agree with the lender to pay after a specific period.

But, if part of the loan is written off or forgiven, then the forgiven amount of taxable. For example, if you had borrowed 30,000 dollars and the lender forgives you 5,000, then the 5,000 dollars is included as taxable.

However, if the loan is short term and involves collateral such as from a bank or online lender, then the type of loan will be taxable.

 

Q3: Is a loan repayment a business expense?

A:

No! This is because you are borrowing the money to run or finance your business. It does not matter the kind of expense you pay with the loan as long it is related to your business or any other business. So, paying back the loan to the lender is classified as business expenses that you will incur. However, if the loan has incurred interest, then the interest amount is categorized as an expense.

 

Q4: Which expenses are written off?

A:

Other expenses that are tax-deductible in business are;

  • The credit card interests
  • Incentives
  • Tax preparation expenditure
  • Education fee
  • Health care tax
  • Professional fees and insurance payments

 

Conclusion

Before you take a loan for your business or personal use, these are crucial details that you need to know about. The information will guide you to determine the right loan that will work for your business. For example, take out unsecured loans are some of the best loans to take for boosting the company since they are tax-deductible.

New Standard

The Australian Tax Office has released its standards to make things easier for Business Loans Written Off. There is information on the website, including how to take advantage of these new offerings.

Do you think you may qualify for these WRITTEN OFF? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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understanding the ess changes five things you need to know

Understanding the ESS changes. Five things you need to know.

 

There have been some recent changes to the tax rules when it comes to employee share schemes. There has been an attempt to make them more appealing for employer and employee participation.

 

The changes to the ESS were significant as of 1 July 2015. They allow for a more extended tax deferment. There are some new rules for startup companies.

 

There are five significant changes to take note of.

  1. Changes to the tax treatment of these employees go into effect as of 1 July 2015.

It will be applied to interest in shares, stapled securities, option to acquire shares, and rights when it comes to dealing with the stapled securities.

 

  1. There are additional concessions that can be used by startups.

Under the new rules, employees are allowed to have a 15 per cent discount when they are working with a startup company, and this amount is tax-exempt. When employees sell them for making a profit, they may be subject to being taxed.

To be considered a startup the company has to be in business for less than ten years, have no equity interest listed on the stock exchange, and cannot have a turnover of fewer than 50 million dollars.

For a concession to apply to a company, the ESS must meet the following:

    • When working with interested that is issued under the ESS, and the shares cannot have a discount that is greater than 15 per cent of the market values.
    • The rights under the ESS must have a strike price that is SS that is great then or more than the market value from the company.
    • The employee mist holds this stock and any interest that they make for at least three years.

 

  1. When going for a tax-deferred scheme, the taxing point can be deferred from the date of the exercise.

This change can delay the first taxing point. The taxing point will be deferred if

Employees can exercise their right to have no risk forfeiting if there are no restrictions on getting rid of the share.

All ESS investments with no risk of forfeiting the internet and restrictions on the sales are removed.

There are times when the employee can resign for the job.

Interest may be deferred up to 15 years after the ESS were obtained.

 

  1. Requirements for Significant Ownership and Voting Right Limits have stopped.

The limits on voting power went up from 5 per cent to 10 per cent. The only ownership had to have a significant investment in the company, but now all shares are looked at.

This will allow the employees to gain a larger share of the company, but it will also look at the shares that they already have.

 

  1. An Income Tax Refund in possible even if an employee does not exercise their rights.

If an employee decides not to exercise their right with ESS but had to pay the taxes up front, they will be given a refund for the money that they have paid on income tax. The refund will be granted if the ESS was able to protect the employee from risk in the market.

These changes have been long-awaited by the tax professionals, including accountants. The changes are welcome by employees.

 

New Standard

The Australian Tax Office has released its standards to make things easier for startup companies. There is information on the website, including how to take advantage of these new offerings.

Do you think you may qualify for these stamp duty concessions? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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Do you know about Stamp Duty Concession on certain asset transfers in Self-Managed Super Fund?

Are you a property investor?

Are you a trustee of SMSF?

 

Then you should read this article carefully. 

Aside from the lower tax rates which apply within a self-managed superannuation fund, the trustees of SMSF can also take advantage of the valuable stamp duty concession provided by Revenue NSW.

 

Buying commercial real property under a self-managed superannuation fund (SMSF) is seen as a common strategy. But how about if you have already owned commercial properties? 

 

Not everyone knows that you can also take advantage of the valuable stamp duty concession provided by State Revenue, which could save thousands of dollars in duties and taxes along the way. 

 

This concession can be very significant.  If the SMSF purchases NSW land/property from a member with a market value of $900,000, the duty which would apply (but for the concession) is $35,835.0.  With the concession, the saving in duty is $35,335.0.

 

Here is the current breakdown on stamp duty for property investors or small business owners looking to move property they own personally in to their SMSF.

 

Stamp duty imposed by State and Territory governments should always be considered before transferring land to an SMSF. Concessions or exemptions from duty may be available depending on the State or Territory.

 

Reminder:  the land/property must be business real property owned in the personal name of the member of SMSF rather than a company. Certain trust is also eligible as a landowner but please check with our SMSF specialist at BOA & Co.  

 

The following tables set out the details of the stamp duty offices and relevant provisions of the relevant legislation in each State and Territory. This is up to date as at 27 February 2017.

 

NSW

Transfer to an SMSF
Duty payable $500 subject to conditions being met. Previously $50 but increased 01/07/2014. Depending on the documentation in place for the transaction you may be able to apply for a retrospective re-assessment and obtain a refund. An SMSF specialist lawyer would be able to advise you on this.
Relevant provisions 62A NSW Duties Act 1997
General description of legislation Nominal duty is charged on a transfer of dutiable property from a person to a trustee of an SMSF where the: transferor is the only member of the super fund or the property is to be held by the trustee solely for the benefit of the transferor (ie property or proceeds of the sale of the property cannot be pooled with property held for another member and no other member can obtain an interest in the property or proceeds of sale), and the property is to be used solely for the purpose of providing a retirement benefit to the transferor.
Documentation Evidence that it is a complying SMSF as at the date of the agreement/transfer, copy of minutes of meetings of the SMSF stating the intention to have the property transferred to it and confirm that the property was owned beneficially by the transferor member, copy of the SMSF trust deed or a variation to it, showing a non-revocable clause that the property is segregated for the transferor member’s benefit only (follows wording in section62A(2))
Legislation Duties Act 1997 (NSW)
Legislation website http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/da199793/
Office Office of State Revenue
Website http://www.osr.nsw.gov.au

 

VIC

Transfer to a super fund

Duty payable No duty subject to conditions being met
Relevant provisions Section 41 Vic Duties Act 2000
General description of legislation No duty is charged in respect of the transfer of dutiable property made without monetary consideration to a trustee of a super fund, where there is no change in beneficial ownership (again, the property must be held in the personal name of the member and not a company name). A transfer of property to a trustee of a super fund by a beneficiary of the fund does not, for the purposes of this section, effect a change in the beneficial ownership of the property.
Documentation Documents are required – refer to ‘Evidentiary Requirements for Dutiable and Exempt Transactions’ on SRO website
Legislation Duties Act 2000 (VIC)
Legislation website http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/da200093/
Office State Revenue Office (SRO)
Website http://www.sro.vic.gov.au/land-transfer-duty

 

QLD

Transfer to a super fund

Duty payable Ad valorem duty applies
Relevant

provisions

No provision for exemption or concession from duty
General description

of legislation

A transfer of dutiable property is a dutiable transaction.
Documentation Duties office form and documents are required.
Legislation Duties Act 2001 (QLD)
Legislation

website

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/qld/consol_act/da200193/
Office Office of State Revenue
Website http://www.osr.qld.gov.au/duties/index.shtm

 

There are also other conditions which have to be satisfied. For example Revenue NSW requires evidentiary documentation before these concessions can be granted. 

Do you think you may qualify for these stamp duty concessions? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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setting up a new company in Australia, forming a company

7 steps to set up a company in Australia

 

Setting up a company may be the first step people think of when coming across starting up a business. Although that is not always the case, there are other structures also available for running a business like mentioned in our previous post “comparison-on-business-structures-in-Australia”. Thus a company is still the most common form that people operate their business under. 

 

Here are the 7 steps on forming a company and get ready to operate. 

 

A company is a separate legal entity that is apart from the individuals who run it. You must register a company with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) and operate a business across Australia without having to register in each state and territories. 

 

Assuming you have decided a company as your business structure, the steps to set up a company are set out below.

1. Choose a Company or Business Name

In choosing a company name you should consider the following:

  • You do not have to have a company name if you wish.  If you do not use a company name, you can use the company’s Australian company number (ACN) as the company name such as 123 456 789 Pty Ltd;
  • In Australia, most companies’ names end with proprietary limited or Pty Ltd companies.  
  • You can only choose a name that is available (not been occupied by another company or business name yet). Here, you can search in ASIC and reserve the name prior to registering a company;

 

2. Choose the State/Territory To Register Your Company In

A company can be registered in any state or territory of Australia. You must set up a company in one of the states or territories. You may also be required to register for GST. Once you are registered, you will receive a certificate of registration.

 

3. Choose the Principal Place of Business and Registered Office

A company must nominate a principal place of business and registered office. 

If the registered office is not at premises occupied by the company then the occupier’s consent must first be obtained.

 

4. Prepare Your Company’s Rules or Constitution 

Before you start a company you must decide what rules will apply to govern the company.  This can generally be:

  • the replaceable rules from the Corporations Act, which means that the company does not require its own written constitution; or
  • a constitution; or
  • a combination of the two.

However, if the company is a sole director or member proprietary company, you do not need a constitution.

 

5. Decide Your Shareholders and Officers

You must decide who will be the members (shareholders) and officers (directors and secretary) of the company.  A company’s directors are the people who make decisions in the company.  You must have at least one director ordinarily resident (live) in Australia and each director must be at least 18 years of age.

You must obtain written consent from each person who has agreed to act as a director of the company and who has agreed to become a shareholder of the company.

 

6. Allocate Your Company Shares

After you have chosen your shareholders you must allocate how many shares will they each own and what class of shares will they own.  Ordinary shares are the most common. There is also another class of shares, which may have different rights on voting on company affairs and receiving dividends. 

 

7. Complete the Relevant Paperwork 

After you have made all the decisions in steps 1 to 6 above and obtained the relevant consents then you can register the company with fillup relevant application forms with AISC or through BOA & Co. as registered ASIC agent so we can make the process much easier for you. 

Do you need professional assistance to set up your own company? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our specialists will be pleased to assist you.

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capital gains tax

What to know about Capital Gains Tax (CGT) and How to Calculate It.

The vast majority of property investors pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on a rental property when they sell, or dispose, of it. So it’s important to understand what is CGT and how it is calculated. In this post, we will find out:

  1. WHAT IS THE CAPITAL GAINS TAX?
  2. HOW MUCH IS IS THE CAPITAL GAINS TAX?
  3. HOW TO CALCULATE YOUR CAPITAL GAIN?

What is Capital Gains Tax?

Capital Gains Tax was introduced in Australia in 1985 and applies to any asset you’ve acquired since that time unless specifically exempted.

 

According to the Australian Tax Office, a capital gain or capital loss on an asset is the difference (the gain) between what the property was the cost to you (we call this Cost Base) and what you receive when you dispose of it (we call this sale to proceed).

 

Tax is levied on again made as a result of the sale proceed, which forms part of your income tax and is NOT considered a separate tax – though it’s referred to as CGT.

 

In most of the cases if an asset is held for 12 months or more, then any gain is first discounted by 50% for individual taxpayers and most Trusts or by 33.3%for superannuation funds.

 

Capital loss from one asset can be offset against capital gains from other assets,  and net capital losses in a tax year may be carried forward indefinitely.

 

However, if there is a capital loss, then it will be either used to offset other capital gains in the financial year or carried to later financial years forever until it is offset up.

 

According to the ATO, most personal assets are exempt from CGT, including your home (main resident property), car, and most personal use assets such as furniture. CGT also doesn’t apply to depreciate assets used solely for taxable purposes, such as business equipment or fittings in a rental property.  

 

Foreign residents only pay capital gain tax if a gain is made on an asset that is ‘taxable Australian property’.

 

If you’re an Australian resident for tax purposes, CGT applies to your assets no matter which country it is located.

 

When you sell off an asset it’s called a CGT event, which is the moment when you make a capital gain or capital loss. Therefore the timing of a CGT event is important because it tells you in which income year to report your capital gain or capital loss, and may affect how you calculate your tax liability.

 

In the case of real estate, for example, the CGT event generally occurs when you enter into the contract (contract signed and exchange) – that is, the date on the contract, not when you settle.

 

How much is Capital Gains Tax?

CGT can be a little tricky to calculate, that’s why it’s so important to have a good accountant on your side – BOA & Co. is CGT specialist to safeguard your investment return.

 

Remember CGT is only payable in the financial year in which you sell or dispose of your rental property.

 

For most CGT events, your capital gain is the difference between your capital proceeds and the cost base of your CGT asset – that is, where you receive more for an asset than it cost you.

 

According to the ATO, the cost base of a CGT asset is largely what you paid for it, together with some other costs associated with acquiring, holding and disposing of it.

 

If the rental property or asset was acquired before 1985, then no CGT is payable, however,  major improvements to a property since that time may be subject to CGT.

 

There are two main measures to calculate your CGT

The two different calculations are:

  • CGT discount method

 

For assets held for 12 months or more before the relevant CGT event. Allows you to reduce your capital gain by:

  • 50 per cent for individuals (including partners in partnerships) and trusts
  • 33.33 per cent for a complying Self-managed Super Fund.

 

This is generally not available to companies.

  • Indexation method

 

For assets acquired before 11.45 am (by legal time in the ACT) on 21 September 1999 (and held for 12 months or more before the relevant CGT event).

  • Allows you to increase the cost base by applying an indexation factor based on the consumer price index (CPI) up to September 1999.

 

An example of using the CGT discount method is:

Justin purchased a rental property on 1 June 2016 for $300,000 and sold it for $350,000 on 15 July 2018.

 

As she owned the asset for more than 12 months she is entitled to the 50 per cent CGT discount.

 

She would need to also subtract the cost base from the capital proceeds, deduct any capital losses, then reduce by the relevant discount percentage.

 

There is a Capital Gains Tax calculators available on our website so you can work out how much CGT you might have to pay if you sell a rental property.

 

It’s important, of course, to speak to our taxation accountant when it comes time to decide on selling off or before lodging your income tax return to ensure you did it right. 

Do you need professional assistance for your CGT concerns? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our specialists will be pleased to assist you.

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home office tax claims

What’s New for 2020FY Home Office Tax Claims due to COVID-19

With an increased number of employees working from home due to the Covid-19 pandemic, home office expense claims have become more common deduction items for the 2020 tax year. Anyone who has worked from home, they may be able to claim a tax deduction for expenses they necessarily incur related to performing their work duties.

 

Traditionally expenses that can be claimed as a tax deduction by employees required to work from home includes two categories:

  1. Home office running expenses, and 
  2. Occupancy expenses.

 

Home office running expenses

In most cases, claiming home office tax deductions for these items will require some substantive evidence which should be understood to demonstrate how the deduction has been calculated. 

The ATO allows the following methods for calculating running expenses:

 

Fixed-rate

A fixed-rate of 52 cents per hour can be claimed for each hour worked from home and represents running expenses. This method is simple and more commonly used as it does not require full substantiation of actual expenses. Employees will need to keep a record of actual hours worked at home or a diary showing the usual pattern of working from home over a four week period (applied across the remainder of the year).

 

For instance, if an employee spent 10 hours per week for the whole year (48 weeks estimated after excluding public holidays and annual leave), the claim under this method will be 10 hours per week x $0.52 per hour x 48 weeks = $249.60.

 

This method covers heating, cooling, lighting, cleaning and the decline in value of the furniture.

 

If using this method, the following can be claimed in addition as per usage:

  • Phone and internet expenses
  • computer consumables and stationery, and
  • a decline in value on the computer or other equipment

Employees claiming are required to separately work out their eligible claim for these items (as explained below).

 

Actual running expenses

To calculate the claim for running costs, as an alternative to the fixed rate method employees can use the actual running expenses method. This method is more complex requiring more detailed records but may result in a larger claim.

 

To use this method, they will need to work out how much of their household running expenses ‘reasonably’ relate to performing work in the dedicated office. As an example, a reasonable method of apportionment could include working out what floor area relates to the dedicated home office as a percentage of the total floor area of the home. This percentage is applied to actual running costs incurred during the period including electricity etc. Employees will need receipts of expenses and records to prove the claim.

 

Some common examples of working from home expenses an employee can claim a tax deduction for include:

  • lighting, heating and cooling;
  • costs of cleaning the home working area;
  • the decline in value (or, depreciation) of equipment, furniture and fittings in the area used for work. Small capital items costing $300 or less may be claimed in full by individuals i.e. does not need to be depreciated;
  • the cost of repairs to this equipment, furniture and furnishings; and
  • other running expenses, including computer consumables (such as a printer, paper, ink etc.) and stationery.

 

Phone and internet expenses

If employees use the phone or internet for work, they can claim a deduction for the work-related percentage of these expenses if they paid for these costs and have records to support their claims. As above, they will need to formulate a reasonable method of apportioning their work percentage of claims, ordinarily done in the form of a logbook demonstrating a usual pattern of work use.

 

As an alternative, a tax deduction of up to $50 with limited documents can be claimed based on a set rate for work-related use of:

  • 25 cents for calls made from a landline
  • 75 cents for calls made from a mobile
  • 10 cents for text messages sent from a mobile.

 

The shortcut method 

Since the beginning of 2020 Covid-19 made people working from home more intensively, the ATO has amplified the claim using the working from home shortcut method,

 

The shortcut method to claim tax deductions at a flat rate of 80c per hour.

 

This method is only available for hours worked from home from 1 March 2020 and unless extended, will apply to 30 June 2020. Claims before 1 March 2020 will need to be calculated using the above-mentioned methods.

 

This method covers all running costs (including depreciation, phone and internet costs), and there is no requirement to operate in a dedicated work area to claim a tax deduction under this method during the eligible time period.

 

 All that is required is a record of the hours worked from home. Further, multiple people in the same household working from home can each make a claim under this method.

 

 If a person worked from home prior to 1 March 2020, then they will need to use one of the other methods to calculate the claim for this period.

 

Home office occupancy expenses

Generally, an employee cannot claim a deduction for occupancy expenses, such as rent, mortgage interest, property insurance, land taxes and rates, unless their home office is a regular place of business. In the event that a home is a place of work, these expenses could be claimed, however, beware that claiming such expenses may have adverse tax consequences such as impacting the main residence CGT exemption.

 

Occupancy expenses can include:

  • Rent
  • Mortgage interest
  • Rates
  • House insurance

 

‘In order to claim occupancy expenses, you must be able to pass what the ATO refers to as the ‘interest deductibility test’

 

Frankly speaking, if you intend to claim a deduction on the interest you pay on your mortgage or rent paid to your landlord, the area you declare as your home office/place of business must have the ‘character’ of a place of business. It should meet the criteria, outlined by the ATO:

  • clearly identifiable as a place of business, for example, you have a sign identifying your business at the front of your house
  • not readily suitable or adaptable for private or domestic purposes
  • used exclusively or almost exclusively for carrying on your business
  • used regularly for visits by your clients.

 

How can BOA & Co. help?

If you need any assistance filing your tax return, contact BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 so we can help address your personal circumstances.

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Dividends for company shareholders

3 Types of Dividends for Company Shareholders

 

Do you know there are 3 Types of Dividends for company shareholders? 

If you have read our previous post “Comparison on Business Structuresyou will find that company is the only structure that can distribute after taxed retain profits to its shareholders. This is so-called Dividends.

What are the dividends?

When companies make a profit they often reward shareholders by distributing some of this profit by way of dividends. Like individuals who earn an income or profit, companies are also required to pay tax on their earnings at the company tax rate of 27.5%. As such, the dividends received by shareholders may be partially, fully franked, or unfranked (that is, have had the tax partially, fully, or unpaid on that income).

dividend-franking-credit-cash-flow_

Here are 3 types of dividends: 

  1. Fully franked – 100% of company tax paid is attached to the dividend as franking credit to be distributed to shareholders,
  2. Partly franked – less than 100% of company tax paid is attached to the dividend as franking credit to be distributed to shareholders,
  3. Unfranked – No company tax paid is attached to the dividend.

This is called the Dividend Imputation system

Franked-Dividend

 

What Is a Dividend Imputation?

According to the Australian Tax Office (ATO), A dividend imputation is an arrangement in Australia and several other countries that eliminates the double taxation of cash payouts from a corporation to its shareholders. Australia has allowed dividend imputation since 1987.1 Through the use of tax credits called “franking credits” or “imputed tax credits,” the tax authorities are notified that a company has already paid the required income tax on the income it distributes as dividends. The shareholder does not then have to pay tax on the dividend income

 

Fully franked dividends

When companies pay fully franked dividends, they have paid the full amount of tax on their profits. Consider the following example: After making a profit and reinvesting some of those funds back into the business, Company ABC Pty Ltd distributes its remaining profit of $1,000 to investors (shareholders) via fully franked dividends. Investor A owns 10,000 shares in the company, and as such, receives a fully franked dividend of $1,000 (10 cents per share). As the dividend is fully franked, this provides Investor A with $275.00 in franking credits which they can use to offset their personal tax liability.

Depending on Investor A’s marginal tax rate, the impact of the imputation credits is demonstrated in the table below:

 

Personal Effective Tax Rate 0.00% 15.00% 30.00% 37.00% 45.00%
Franked dividend paid by a company $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
plus Franking Credits $275 $275 $275 $275 $275
Company tax rate 27.50% 27.50% 27.50% 27.50% 27.50%
Assessable Income  $1,275 $1,275 $1,275 $1,275 $1,275
Tax on assessable income $0 $191 $383 $472 $574
less Franking Credits $275 $275 $275 $275 $275
Tax Payable/(Refund or Excess credits for tax offset)  -$275 -$84 $108 $197 $299

 

Claiming a refund of franking credits

 In the example provided, it has been assumed that franking credits have been claimed when an investor lodges their personal tax return. However, this isn’t the only way that shareholders can claim their franking credits. For those people who don’t lodge a tax return, imputation credits can be claimed by completing an ‘Application for Refund of Franking Credits’ form which is available from the Australian Tax Office: ato.gov.au.

 

Unfranked dividends 

Companies are also able to pay unfranked dividends in some instances, in which no franking credits are passed on to shareholders. Using the example below, Investor A would receive a dividend of $1,000 on their shares, but no franking credits, meaning that the income will be taxed at their marginal tax rate:

 

Personal Effective Tax Rate 0.00% 15.00% 30.00% 37.00% 45.00%
Franked dividend paid by a company $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
plus Franking Credits $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Company tax rate 27.50% 27.50% 27.50% 27.50% 27.50%
Assessable Income  $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Tax on assessable income $0 $150 $300 $370 $450
less Franking Credits $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Tax Payable/(Refund or Excess credits for tax offset)  $0 $150 $300 $370 $450

 

Do you need professional assistance for your tax concerns? Call BOA & Co. accountants in Chatswood on 02 9904 7886 and our SMSF specialist will be pleased to assist you.

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